Tips for taking pictures

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Taking pictures

21. Taking a picture from an unusual angle can sometimes make a photograph more interesting. Consider using a higher or lower angle when photographing people, cars, buildings or any other appropriate subject that might benefit from such a shot.

22. Using big close-ups or extreme long shots can also emphasize how you want your subject to appear. Particularly when photographing people. It can sometimes give your image more meaning and make it appear less ordinary than the run of the mill photograph.

23. When taking photographs indoors, if the light is poor try using a long exposure instead of flash. It will make your images seem more natural by avoiding unwanted harsh shadows appearing in the picture.

24. When taking pictures in strong sunlight itís usually best to have the sun behind you. Be aware though when taking pictures of people that they may be squinting when looking towards the sun. This can be avoided by changing position slightly. However, in some cases you may want the sun to be behind the subject. For example, if you want the subject to be in silhouette.

25. When photographing models, an attractive picture usually depends on the stance of the model, in particular, how the model uses their arms and legs. If you're a novice then it pays to study how professionals have their models position their body, arms and legs when taking full body shots.

26. Some of the best photographs of people are usually taken when the subject is not aware of being photographed. A long telephoto lens is ideal for this. Action photos are especially good using this technique such as in sports photography. For more static images watch out for subjects with unusual characteristics, or subjects that seem to tell a story (e.g. a butcher chopping meat) or by their appearance (e.g. a weather beaten face and the clothes they wear)

27. To avoid the dreaded "red eye" effect make sure you change the setting on your camera to prevent this occuring. Many digital cameras provide this option. Alternatively, try to get more light on the subject and avoid using the flash if possible.

28. Tasteful nude photography is also often considered as an artistic expression of beauty. When done in such a way that emphasizes the natural beauty of the human body it can provide images of great fascination. By taking photos of just parts of the naked body and from unusual angles it can be quite thought provoking. Shooting in black and white also seems to add to the mystery of such photographs. Careful lighting also plays an important part in this type of photography.

29. Capturing subjects with bright colours and/or enhanced textures, especially using close-ups can turn your images into works of art. Consider also using macro lenses to get extreme close-ups of unusual subjects.

30. Compared to using film, digital photography is very cheap. So donít hold back on taking as many pictures as you can to get the shot you want. If you take one shot of your chosen subject it may not be as good as you would have liked. Take 5 or 6 shots of the subject and you have a better chance of getting a shot you like.

31. With a digital camera you may also be tempted to save space on your cameraís memory card by shooting at a low resolution. However, this rarely results in a good quality picture. So, unless youíre taking pictures that are going to be used on a website on a small scale, you would be wiser using a high resolution, especially for prints. Besides, the memory cards now available provide much larger storage so using up space is less of a problem.

Travel photography

32. When taking pictures in bright sunlight always be careful to avoid overexposure of light subjects, particularly if itís the main subject in your picture. An exposure meter can be especially useful in these situations. Or try setting the exposure with the camera close to the subject then move back for longer shots to a suitable position. Also watch out for dark areas that may become underexposed if you need the detail to be clear.

33. Open top tour buses are usually operating solely to visit the main tourist attractions. If youíre limited for time this is a good way to get around quickly and still get some decent photographs.

34. If the opportunity to go up in a helicopter presents itself you can get some great pictures from an aerial view of buildings and landscapes. Shooting directly above unusual settings and places of interest can provide some unique images that you canít get any other way.

35. Photos of towering architecture, particularly churches, historical buildings and modern skyscrapers can produce striking images when taken from a low angle using a wide angle lens.

36. Watch for locations that provide an opportunity to take pictures that give a flavour of the type of lifestyle people take for granted in foreign countries. The local market for example, fishermen and their boats in the harbour, the hustle and bustle of busy streets etc. Get close-ups, medium shots and distance shots that cover every angle.

37. Most tourists tend to gravitate towards the local historical landmarks where they love to take photographs. Unfortunately, sometimes this can make it difficult to get a good shot without people getting in the way. Consider getting there early before everyone else does so you can get the best picture possible.

38. Also try to take pictures of well know subjects from a different or unusual angle from what is considered the norm. It may result in a unique image with great appeal that may be commercially viable.

39. Cityscapes can provide interesting pictures, particularly from a high vantage point. Towns and cities located on hilly land can be a good subject when photographed with a telephoto lens from a distance.

40. Always carry a wide angle lens when photographing landscapes, seascapes and citysapes. They can be a godesend for capturing the type of subjects that require a panoramic view. Wide bridges are one example where a wide angle lens is almost essential to get the best shot.

41. When photographing water itís a good idea to shoot towards the sun. The sparkles that appear from the swirling water add more impact to the shot.
Also watch for interesting reflections in calm water.

42. Look also for interesting reflections in glass covered buildings. Colourful skies and unusual cloud formations can provide stunning images.

43. Find the best locations and places of interest in the region youíre visiting by buying a tourist map and guide. Also check out the postcards available to buy to get some ideas of the type of local subjects that make good pictures.

44. Always take extra care with your equipment when travelling abroad. Weather conditions may be more extreme in foreign climates. Thieves sometimes target people who appear to be tourists so avoid carrying too much equipment if possible. Also carry your camera in your hand luggage when flying to reduce the risk of damage through rough handling. Itís also adviseable to make sure your equipment is adequetly covered by insurance when travelling abroad.

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